top of page

The Five Stages of AI Grief: Echoes of the Industrial Revolution

The Five Stages of AI Grief: Echoes of the Industrial Revolution
The Five Stages of AI Grief: Echoes of the Industrial Revolution

As artificial intelligence (AI) continues to evolve and integrate into our daily lives, society is experiencing a collective emotional response reminiscent of the grieving process. This phenomenon, dubbed "The Five Stages of AI Grief" by Benjamin Bratton, draws parallels between society's reaction to AI and the Kübler-Ross model of grief. Interestingly, this pattern of response is not unique to AI but echoes throughout history, particularly during major technological revolutions. In this article, we'll explore the five stages of AI grief and draw comparisons to a similar process that occurred during the Industrial Revolution.

The Five Stages of AI Grief

1. Denial: Refusal to acknowledge AI's potential or impact

In this initial stage, individuals and society at large tend to dismiss or downplay the significance of AI advancements. Common manifestations of denial include:

  • Claiming that AI is "just hype" or a passing trend

  • Insisting that AI can never replicate human intelligence or creativity

  • Dismissing AI's potential impact on jobs and society as exaggerated

This denial often stems from a lack of understanding about AI's capabilities or a fear of the unknown. It serves as a defense mechanism, allowing people to maintain their current worldview without confronting the potentially disruptive implications of AI.

2. Anger: Hostility towards AI and its perceived threats

As the reality of AI's potential becomes harder to ignore, denial often gives way to anger. This stage is characterized by:

  • Blaming AI for job losses or economic uncertainties

  • Expressing hostility towards tech companies and AI researchers

  • Spreading fear about AI's potential to harm humanity or take over

This anger is often fueled by feelings of powerlessness in the face of rapid technological change. It can manifest in protests, negative media coverage, and calls for strict regulation or even bans on AI development.

3. Bargaining: Attempts to control or limit AI's influence

In the bargaining stage, individuals and institutions try to negotiate with the reality of AI's growing influence. This can take various forms:

  • Advocating for strict ethical guidelines and regulations on AI development

  • Proposing limits on AI's application in certain fields (e.g., creative industries, healthcare)

  • Attempting to ensure "human-in-the-loop" systems where AI assists but doesn't replace human decision-making

This stage represents an effort to find a middle ground, acknowledging AI's potential while trying to maintain a sense of control over its development and implementation.

4. Depression: Pessimism about AI's implications for humanity

As the full implications of AI's potential impact become clearer, a sense of hopelessness or despair can set in. This stage might involve:

  • Concerns about widespread unemployment due to AI automation

  • Fears about the loss of human agency and decision-making power

  • Pessimism about the future of human creativity and purpose in an AI-dominated world

This depression stage often manifests in dystopian narratives about AI in media and literature, as well as a general sense of anxiety about the future.

5. Acceptance: Recognition of AI's role in shaping the future

The final stage involves coming to terms with AI's inevitable role in shaping our future. This doesn't necessarily mean enthusiasm, but rather a realistic acknowledgment of AI's potential benefits and challenges. Acceptance can involve:

  • Embracing AI as a tool to augment human capabilities rather than replace them

  • Actively participating in discussions about ethical AI development and implementation

  • Adapting education and career paths to thrive in an AI-integrated world

This stage is marked by a more balanced and nuanced understanding of AI, recognizing both its potential benefits and risks.

Historical Example of Technological Grief: The Industrial Revolution

The five stages of AI grief bear a striking resemblance to society's response to the Industrial Revolution, demonstrating that this pattern of technological grief is not unique to our time.

1. Denial: Initial dismissal of machine-based manufacturing as inferior

When mechanized production first emerged, many dismissed it as a passing fad or insisted that machine-made goods could never match the quality of handcrafted items. Skilled artisans, in particular, were quick to deny the potential of these new technologies, believing their craftsmanship could never be replicated by machines.

2. Anger: Luddite movement destroying textile machinery

As the reality of industrialization set in, anger and resistance emerged. The most famous example is the Luddite movement in early 19th century England. Textile workers, facing job losses due to mechanization, engaged in machine-breaking and riots. This violent response to technological change gave rise to the term "Luddite," which is still used today to describe those who oppose new technologies.

3. Bargaining: Attempts to regulate working hours and conditions

As industrialization progressed, efforts to mitigate its negative impacts emerged. This took the form of labor movements and government regulations aimed at improving working conditions in factories. The Factory Acts in the UK, for instance, limited working hours and set safety standards. This represents a form of bargaining, attempting to find a balance between industrial progress and worker welfare.

4. Depression: Concerns about mass unemployment and societal upheaval

The rapid pace of industrialization led to widespread concerns about its long-term implications. Many feared that machines would eventually replace all human labor, leading to mass unemployment. There were also concerns about the breakdown of traditional social structures and ways of life. This pessimism is reflected in the literature of the time, such as Charles Dickens' critiques of industrial society.

5. Acceptance: Eventual adaptation to industrialized society

Over time, society adapted to the new industrial reality. People began to recognize the benefits of industrialization, such as increased productivity and access to a wider range of goods. Education systems evolved to prepare workers for industrial jobs, and new social structures emerged to suit the industrial age. While challenges remained, there was a broader acceptance of industrialization as a transformative force.

The parallels between society's response to AI and the Industrial Revolution are striking. Both involve a process of coming to terms with transformative technologies that challenge existing norms and structures. By recognizing this pattern, we can better understand and navigate the challenges posed by AI's rapid advancement.

As we progress through the stages of AI grief, it's important to remember that, like the Industrial Revolution, the AI revolution will likely bring both challenges and opportunities. The key lies in balancing healthy skepticism with open-mindedness, ensuring that we harness AI's potential while mitigating its risks.

By learning from historical examples like the Industrial Revolution, we can approach the AI revolution with greater wisdom and resilience. This understanding may help us move more quickly through the grief stages, accelerating our path to productive acceptance and adaptation. As we face this new technological frontier, let's strive to shape AI's development responsibly, guided by the lessons of the past and a vision for a better future.





Thanks for subscribing!

bottom of page